Many couples are taken aback when they are diagnosed with infertility. Worries, pressures from the society and families, incomplete knowledge and inappropriate guidance can put them into a more stressful situation. What these couples need to know is that there are ways to improve and maintain fertility by taking some precautionary measures. Your specialist will record your lifestyle and habits that may be causing infertility and provide necessary guidance further on. It is also important for the couples to know why the doctor has recommended stopping or continuing certain activities. We’ve elaborated some of these measures below for you to start being more cautious with what you consume and do on a daily basis.
- No alcohol consumption – You must be aware by now that rate of infertility in human males and females rise if both happen to consume alcohol even moderately. For couples planning to get pregnant, it is always advised to avoid alcohol completely to increase the chances of pregnancy. Studies suggest that human males who consume alcohol quite frequently are most likely to be diagnosed with low sperm count and low sperm motility whereas pregnancy is delayed in the case of female humans who consume alcohol. Alcohol affects the adrenal glands by depressing them which in turn slows down the process of hormone release from these glands in the human body. Such a hormonal change may result in lowered fertility as it affects the health of the eggs and/ or the sperms. Female humans may also be diagnosed with ammenorrhea which means inconsistent or absent menstrual cycles, blockage in fallopian tube that interrupts transport, ovulation issues, miscarriages, going into labour before the term completes, birth defects in the delivered child etc.
- No cigarettes and tobacco – Just the way alcohol causes increase in the rate of infertility, smoking and tobacco consumption does too by allowing innumerable chemicals enter the human body and affect most of the organs. Other causes include hormonal issues, erectile dysfunction, damage to the reproductive organs, compromise the quantity and quality of eggs and sperms and their motility, cause miscarriage or increase the chances of early menopause and cause cancer in men and women both.
- Body weight control – An over-weight female human body may have trouble ovulating due to excessive production of estrogens by the fat cells that in turn cause the body to behave like it is on contraceptive pills. Ovulation, in such cases, could be inadequate or not present at all. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) could be another reason for infertility in an over-weight female human body. Women diagnosed with PCOS could have irregular menstruation, ovarian cysts, pain during ovulation and menstruation etc. Another important thing is to ensure the body is not under weight too. If you observe frequent fluctuations in weight, it is recommended that you see your specialist for further advice.
- Regular exercises and healthy balanced diet– As mentioned above, maintaining a healthy body weight is very important for the couples wanting to get pregnant. Patients can check with their specialist for the intensity of exercise. Yoga and meditation will help calm down your nerves and prepare your body for a successful pregnancy. As much as exercising, consuming a balanced diet is important for the couple too. Check for allergies and consult your specialist for further guidance.
- Regular medical check-ups – Ensure you visit your specialist for regular medical tests and highlight issues if any for prompt treatments on signs of infertility and other health issues. Women with irregular menstrual cycle, frequent health issues, genetic issues etc should keep the specialist informed and ask for necessary treatments.
- Ensuring pregnancy in the recommended age bracket – One of the things that couple can do even before they see a specialist is to try to get pregnant in the right age bracket. A female human body is at its peak of ovulation between 25 - 29 years. Hence, the chances of pregnancy are more during these years. Couples can continue trying even after the age of 29 and see a doctor if required. If the couple is having trouble having sexual intercourse, see a specialist for more guidance.
- Practise healthy habits – Healthy habits go a long way and are always beneficial to the human body. Couples should ensure safe sexual intercourse with their respective partners to avoid sexually transmitted diseases. Having one sexual partner for life is the best way to avoid sexually transmitted diseases.
- Avoid exposure to toxins – Today, with the increase of toxins in the environment; it’s getting more and more critical for us to have a healthy lifestyle and are aware we do not consume toxic foods and water and are not exposed to a toxic environment. Toxins like endocrine disruptors, heavy metals like lead and mercury etc affect the reproductive organs.
- Avoid consumption of medicinal drugs without prescription – We all know the doctor knows best for our health. Make sure you do not consume any medication on your will as the side effects could cause infertility in female and male humans.