A couple wanting to get pregnant but has failed over the course of a year even after having sexual intercourse without the use of contraceptives, may consult a specialist for the right guidance. The specialistwill ask you a set of questions to know about your medical history, lifestyle, known genetic defects etc. and if they suspect infertility, they may ask you to get some tests done. Once the tests results are studied, they will provide necessary treatment.

The techniques used in treating infertility have evolved over the years. Various options are available today to evaluate, diagnose and treat this issue. We have elaborated some of the treatments here for your understanding.

Most women are observed to have low ovulation in intermittent cycle or no ovulation at all. The specialist may prescribe medication to be consumed orally to trigger and/ or regulate ovulation in women. If this option fails to work, the specialist may prescribe injecting hormones to stimulate growth of eggs in the ovaries. It highly recommended that the patient keeps all the scheduled appointments and completed the course as prescribed by the specialist.

Sometimes, there are blockages in the fallopian tube that are caused by conditions like Endometriosis, Uterine Fibroids, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease etc. or tubes may be damaged or scarred. The specialist will recommend surgical procedure to remove the blockage and/ or treat the damaged tubes or reproductive organs.

If these options do not help the couple get pregnant, the specialist may recommend Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). There are various techniques within ART that can be used to handle the sperms and the eggs outside the human body. Some of these techniques are In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Intrauterine insemination (IUI) etc. We have tried to explain some techniques here for your understanding.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) - In case it is observed that the male human partner is unable to produce healthy and motile sperms or the female human has hostile conditions for the sperm to survive, an Intrauterine insemination (IUI) may be recommended. Intrauterine insemination involves injecting a washed sperm in the woman’s uterus with the help of a catheter. This procedure is carried out by a specialist only. It has been observed that a fifteen-minute rest on the table after this procedure is enough to increase the rate of pregnancy, however, individual situations may differ.

An In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is carried out when the fertilization of the egg cannot happen inside the female human body. Here, the fertilization is carried out outside the woman’s body on a glass dish by retrieving eggs and sperms from the couple and injecting healthy sperms inside a healthy egg using another technique called Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI). In Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), a single sperm is directly injected in a single egg. This is then cultures for a few days in the laboratory and then transferred into the female’s uterus and observed till a successful pregnancy is reported.

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