Science has advanced leaps and bounds over the years. The technology to identify health issues has become sophisticated over these years. Infertility and its causes can be easily identified through a few tests in both women and men no matter how complex the situation is. Technology today can diagnose explained and unexplained infertility with the help of a few samples taken from the patients. The results can be studied and appropriate treatment options can be used to cure infertility.

A male human body is biologically able to prepare sperms that are required for fertilizing female eggs. The sperms need to be healthy and mobile only then can it increase the chances of successful fertilization. Some male human bodies do not create healthy sperm and this can be identified through an analysis called sperm analysis. Hormonal changes in men can also cause infertility. Hence, the doctor may recommend tests to determine the levels of hormones like testosterone. Sometime genetic defects are not known as they have never obstructed the day to day life. In this case, tests to identify genetic defects may be required to be carried out. Specialty testing may also be recommended to check for abnormalities in the DNA. Some other tests also include testicular biopsy, imaging, scrotal ultrasound etc.

Females diagnosed with infertility also have to undergo some tests as recommended by the doctor. A complete body check-up or a physical check up is the first level of diagnosis wherein the doctor will carry out thyroid, breast and pelvic examination. The doctor, post this examination and studying the history of the patient will recommend some tests and/ or procedures for the patients to get done. We have elaborated some tests here for your understanding.

1. Ultrasound – Ultrasound can be used for checking the condition of uterus and the ovaries in a female human body. It is also used to check the thickness of the uterus lining and to monitor the development of follicle.

2. Ovulation analysis – Ovulation can be confirmed through tests carried out using ovulation kits or via ultrasound and blood tests.

3. Blood tests – Blood tests are carried out to measure the levels of estrogens or follicle stimulating hormones. These hormones are required for creating an egg in the female human body. Any disruptions in the release of these hormones could lead to infertility in women.

4. Hysterosalpingography and Laparoscopy - Some procedures like hysterosalpingography or laparoscopy are used to check the condition of the fallopian tubes and the uterus. These procedures give precise results for the doctor to advise the further course of treatment.

5. Hysteroscopy – this test is done to check for scarring or abnormalities inside the uterus. This test allows pictures to be taken that can be referred later on if required.

6. Endometrial biopsy – this process helps determine the quality of the uterus lining by retrieving a tiny amount of tissue from the endometrium. This is done just before the menstrual cycle.

7. Pap smear – to check for signs of cervical cancer that may cause infertility.

8. Cervical mucus test – it’s a screening test to check if the sperm is able to survive in the cervical mucus.

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